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On January 18, 1871, rulers of the individual German states agreed to unify and create a new German Empire with Wilhelm I as Emperor. Following unification, the coinage of the Empire became standardized as to denominations and types, though the individual states retained their identities on the denominations 2 Marks and above)

Minor coins (1 Pfennig to 1 Mark) circulated throughout the new Empire and replaced local currencies such as Hellers, Kreuzers, Groschen, and others. Each coin bore a generic design that reinforced the concept of a German Empire in the minds of the general public. Denominations of 2 Marks and above were state-specific, but shared a common reverse design.

MINOR COINAGE
(1 Pfennig to 1 Mark)
Germany 1 Pfennig, Small Eagle (1873-1889)
Germany 1 Pfennig, Large Eagle (1889-1916)
Germany 1 Pfennig, Aluminum (1916-1918)
Germany 2 Pfennig, Small Eagle (1873-1877)
Germany 2 Pfennig, Large Eagle (1904-1916)
Germany 5 Pfennig (Small Eagle)
Germany 5 Pfennig (Large Eagle)
Germany 10 Pfennig (Small Eagle)
Germany 10 Pfennig (Large Eagle)
Germany 20 Pfennig (Silver)
Germany 20 Pfennig (Copper-Nickel)
Germany 25 Pfennig
Germany 50 Pfennig (Small Eagle)
Germany 50 Pfennig (Large Eagle)
Germany 1/2 Mark
Germany 1 Mark (Small Eagle)
Germany 1 Mark (Large Eagle)



STATE COINAGE
(2 Marks to 20 Marks)
Anhalt
Baden
Bavaria
Bremen
Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel
Frankfurt
Hamburg
Hessen
Lippe
Lubeck
Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Oldenburg
Prussia
Reuss-Greiz
Reuss-Schleiz
Sachsen Altenburg
Sachsen Coburg Gotha
Sachsen Meiningen
Sachsen Weimar Eisenach
Saxony
Schwarzburg Rudolstadt
Schwarzburg Sondershausen
Waldeck-Pyrmont
Wurttemberg